Category Archives: History

63 Powerful Quotes Of Thomas Paine

Thomas Paine
1.I do not believe in the creed professed by the Jewish Church, by the Roman Church, by the Greek Church, by the Turkish Church, by the Protestant Church, nor by any Church that I know of. My own mind is my own Church. [Thomas Paine, The Age of Reason]

2.It is necessary to the happiness of man that he be mentally faithful to himself. Infidelity does not consist in believing, or in disbelieving; it consists in professing to believe what one does not believe. It is impossible to calculate the moral mischief, if I may so express it, that mental lying has produced in society. When man has so far corrupted and prostituted the chastity of his mind, as to subscribe his professional belief to things he does not believe, he has prepared himself for the commission of every other crime. [Thomas Paine, The Age of Reason]

3.Priests and conjurors are of the same trade. [Thomas Paine, The Age of Reason]

4.The most formidable weapon against errors of every kind is reason. I have never used any other, and I trust I never shall. [Thomas Paine, The Age of Reason]

5.Take away from Genesis the belief that Moses was the author, on which only the strange believe that it is the word of God has stood, and there remains nothing of Genesis but an anonymous book of stories, fables, and traditionary or invented absurdities, or of downright lies. [Thomas Paine, The Age of Reason]

6.The Bible is a book that has been read more and examined less than any book that ever existed. [The Theological Works of Thomas Paine]

7.Every phrase and cirsumstance are marked with the barbarous hand of superstitious torture, and forced into meanings it was impossible they could have. The head of every chapter, and the top of every page, are blazoned with the names of Christ and the Church, that the unwary reader might suck in the error before he began to read.[Thomas Paine, The Age of Reason, p.131]

8.Accustom a people to believe that priests, or any other class of men can forgive sins, and you will have sins in abundance.[The Theological Works of Thomas Paine, p.207]

9.The adulterous connection between church and state… [Thomas Paine, The Age of Reason]

10.The declaration which says that God visits the sins of the fathers upon the children is contrary to every principle of moral justice. [Thomas Paine, The Age of Reason]

11.Whenever we read the obscene stories, the voluptuous debaucheries, the cruel and tortuous executions, the unrelenting vindictiveness with which more than half the Bible is filled, it would be more consistant that we call it the word of a demon than the word of God. It is a history of wickedness that has served to corrupt and brutalize mankind; and, for my part, I sincerely detest it, as I detest everything that is cruel. [Thomas Paine, The Age of Reason]

12…but the Bible is such a book of lies and contradictions there is no knowing which part to believe or whether any… [Thomas Paine, The Age of Reason]

13.The NT, compared with the Old, is like a farce of one act… [Thomas Paine, The Age of Reason]

14.That God cannot lie, is no advantage to your argument, because it is no proof that priests can not, or that the Bible does not. [The Life and Works of Thomas Paine, Vol. 9 p. 134]

15…we must be compelled to hold this doctrine to be false, and the old and new law called the Old and New Testament, to be impositions, fables and forgeries. [The Life and Works of Thomas Paine, Vol. 9 p. 282]

16.There are matters in the Bible, said to be done by the express commandment of God, that are shocking to humanity and to every idea we have of moral justice….. [Thomas Paine]

17.Revelation is necessarily limited to the first communication– after that it is only an account of something which that person says was a revelation made to him; and though he may find himself obliged to believe it, it can not be incumbent on me to believe it in the same manner; for it was not a revelation made to ME, and I have only his word for it that it was made to him. [Thomas Paine, The Age of Reason]

18.The story of the whale swallowing Jonah, though a whale is large enough to do it, borders greatly on the marvelous; but it would have approached nearer to the idea of a miracle if Jonah had swallowed the whale. [Thomas Paine, The Age of Reason]

19.Of all the systems of religion that ever were invented, there is no more derogatory to the Almighty, more unedifiying to man, more repugnant to reason, and more contradictory to itself than this thing called Christianity. Too absurd for belief, too impossible to convince, and too inconsistent for practice, t renders the heart torpid or produces only atheists or fanatics. As an engine of power, it serves the purpose of despotism, and as ameans of wealth, the avarice of priests, but so far as respects the good of man in general it leads to nothing here or hereafter. [Thomas Paine, The Age of Reason]

20.As to the book called the bible, it is blasphemy to call it the Word of God. It is a book of lies and contradictions and a history of bad times and bad men. [Thomas Paine, writing to Andrew Dean August 15, 1806]

21.It is far better that we admitted a thousand devils to roam at large than that we permitted one such imposter and monster as Moses, Joshua, Samuel, and the Bible prophets, to come with the pretended word of God and have credit among us.

22.The continually progressive change to which the meaning of words is subject, the want of a universal language which renders translation necessary, the errors to which translations are again subject, the mistakes of copyists and printers, together with the possibility of willful alteration, are of themselves evidences that the human language, whether in speech or in print, cannot be the vehicle of the Word of God. The Word of God exists in something else. [Thomas Paine, The Age of Reason]

23.It will be proper to take a review of the several sources from which governments have arisen, and on which they have been founded.

24.They may be all comprehended under three heads — 1st, Superstition; 2d, Power; 3d, the common interests of society, and the common rights of man.

25.The first was a government of priestcraft, the second of conquerors, and the third of reason. [Thomas Paine, The Rights of Man]

26.Toleration is not the opposite of intoleration, but it is the counterfeit of it. Both are despotisms. The one assumes to itself the right of withholding liberty of conscience, and the other of granting it. The one is the pope, armed with fire and fagot, and the other is the pope selling or granting indulgences. [Thomas Paine, The Rights of Man]

27….Thomas did not believe the resurrection [John 20:25], and, as they say, would not believe without having ocular and manual demonstration himself. So neither will I, and the reason is equally as good for me, and for every other person, as for Thomas. [Thomas Paine, The Age of Reason]

28.What is it the Bible teaches us? – raping, cruelty, and murder. What is it the New Testament teaches us? – to believe that the Almighty committed debauchery with a woman engaged to be married, and the belief of this debauchery is called faith.

29.When I see throughout this book, called the Bible, a history of the grossest vices and a collection of the most paltry and contemptible tales and stories, I could not so dishonor my Creator by calling it by His name. [Thomas Paine, in Toward The Mystery]

30.Belief in a cruel God makes a cruel man.

31.As to the book called the Bible, it is blasphemy to call it the Word of God. It is a book of lies and contradictions, and a history of bad times and bad men. There are but a few good characters in the whole book. [Thomas Paine, Letter to William Duane, April 23, 1806]

32.His [Jesus’] historians, having brought him into the world in a supernatural manner, were obliged to take him out again in the same manner, or the first part of the story must have fallen to the ground.

33.The most detestable wickedness, the most horrid cruelties, and the greatest miseries that have afflicted the human race have had their origin in this thing called revelation, or revealed religion. It has been the most destructive to the peace of man since man began to exist. Among the most detestable villains in history, you could not find one worse than Moses, who gave an order to butcher the boys, to massacre the mothers and then rape the daughters. One of the most horrible atrocities found in the literature of any nation. I would not dishonor my Creator’s name by attaching it to this filthy book. [Thomas Paine, The Age of Reason]

34.My country is the world, and my religion is to do good.

35.Whence arose all the horrid assassinations of whole nations of men, women, and infants, with which the Bible is filled; and the bloody persecutions, and tortures unto death, and religiosu wars, that since that time have laid Europe in blood and ashes; whence arose they, but from this impious thing called religion, and this monstrous belief that God has spoken to man? [Thomas Paine, quoted in 2000 Years of Disbelief, Famous People with the Courage to Doubt by James Haught]

36.The age of ignorance commenced with the Christian system. [Thomas Paine, quoted in 2000 Years of Disbelief, Famous People with the Courage to Doubt by James Haught]

37.Prophesying is lying professionally. [Thomas Paine, quoted in 2000 Years of Disbelief, Famous People with the Courage to Doubt by James Haught]

38.If thou trusteth to the book called the Scriptures, thou trusteth to the rotten staff of fables and of falsehood. [Thomas Paine, quoted in 2000 Years of Disbelief, Famous People with the Courage to Doubt by James Haught]

39.One good schoolmaster is of more use than a hundred priests. [Thomas Paine, quoted in 2000 Years of Disbelief, Famous People with the Courage to Doubt by James Haught]

40.Science is the true theology. [Thomas Paine, quoted in Emerson, The Mind on Fire pg 153]

41.All this [Paul’s writing] is nothing better than the jargon of a conjurer who picks up phrases he does not understand to confound the credulous people who come to have their fortune told. [Thomas Paine, The Age of Reason]

42….to argue with a man who has renouced his reason is like giving medicine to the dead. [Thomas Paine, The Crisis, quoted in Ingersoll’s Works, Vol. 1, p.127]

43.Everything wonderful in appearance has been ascribed to angels, to devils, or to saints. Everything ancient has some legendary tale annexed to it. The common operations of nature have not escaped their practice of corrupting everything.

44.No falsehood is so fatal as that which is made an article of faith.

45.When an objection cannot be made formidable, there is some policy in trying to make it frightful; and to substitute the yell and the war- whoop, in the place of reason, argument and good order. Jesuitical cunning always endeavors to disgrace what it cannot disprove.

46.The story of the redemption will not stand examination. That man should redeem himself from the sin of eating an apple by committing a murder on Jesus Christ, is the strangest system of religion ever set up.

47.Yet this is trash that the Church imposes upon the world as the Word of God; this is the collection of lies and contradictions called the Holy Bible! This is the rubbish called Revealed Religion!

48.The Christian system of religion is an outrage on common sense.

49.The countries the most famous and the most respected of antiquity are those which distinguished themselves by promoting and patronizing science, and on the contrary those which neglected or discouraged it are universally denominated rude and barbarous. The patronage which Britain has shown to Arts, Science and Literature has given her a better established and lasting rank in the world than she ever acquired by her arms. And Russia is a modern instance of the effect which the encouragement of those things produces both as to the internal improvement of a country and the character it raises abroad. The reign of Louis the fourteenth is more distinguished by being the Era of Science and Literature in France than by any other circumstance of those days.

50.The Church was resolved to have a New Testament, and as, after the lapse of more than three hundred years, no handwriting could be proved or disproved, the Church, which like former impostors had then gotten possession of the State, had everything its own way. It invented creeds, such as that called the Apostle’s Creed, the Nicean Creed, the Athanasian Creed, and out of the loads of rubbish that were presented it voted four to be Gospels, and others to be Epistles, as we now find them arranged.

51.The Christian religion begins with a dream and ends with a murder.

52.All the tales of miracles, with which the Old and New Testament are filled, are fit only for imposters to preach and fools to believe.

53.Had the news of salvation by Jesus Christ been inscribed on the face of the sun and the moon, in characters that all nations would have understood, the whole earth had known it in twenty-four hours, and all nations would have believed it; whereas, though it is now almost two thousand years since, as they tell us, Christ came upon earth, not a twentieth part of the people of the earth know anything of it, and among those who do, the wiser part do not believe it.

54.There is scarcely any part of science, or anything in nature, which those imposters and blasphemers of science, called priests, as well Christians as Jews, have not, at some time or other, perverted, or sought to pervert to the purpose of superstition and falsehood.

55.The New Testament, they tell us, is founded upon the prophecies of the Old; if so, it must follow the fate of its foundation.

56.Of all the tyrannies that affect mankind, tyranny in religion is the worst; every other species of tyranny is limited to the world we live in; but this attempts to stride beyond the grave, and seeks to pursue us into eternity.

57.I put the following work under your protection. It contains my opinion upon religion. You will do me the justice to remember, that I have always strenuously supported the right of every man to his opinion, however different that opinion might be to mine. He who denies to another this right, makes a slave of himself to his present opinion, because he precludes himself the right of changing it.

58.The story of Jesus Christ appearing after he was dead is the story of an apparition, such as timid imaginations can always create in vision, and credulity believe. Stories of this kind had been told of the assassination of Julius Caesar…

59.The study of theology, as it stands in the Christian churches, is the study of nothing; it is founded on nothing; it rests on no principles; it proceeds by no authority; it has no data; it can demonstrate nothing; and it admits of no conclusion.

60.All national institutions of churches, whether Jewish, Christian, or Turkish, appear to me no other than human inventions, set up to terrify and enslave mankind, and monopolize power and profit.

61.Any system of religion that has anything in it that shocks the mind of a child, cannot be true.

62.Persecution is not an original feature in any religion; but it is always the strongly marked feature of all religions established by law.

63.But though every created thing is, in this sense, a mystery, the word mystery cannot be applied to moral truth, any more than obscurity can be applied to light. … Mystery is the antagonist of truth. It is a fog of human invention, that obscures truth, and represents it in distortion. Truth never envelops itself in mystery, and the mystery in which it is at any time enveloped is the work of its antagonist, and never of itself.

By Imoh “Son of David”

Still Waiting for The Anti-Christ?

I don’t know why people still hold the fancy view and pious fear of End time. When you ask an “end time” monger, they won’t fail to fill your ears with the news of earth-quakes, plane crashes, wars, etc. This is what happens when people are taught Abrahamic curriculums in school rather than science subjects.

Anyone who was taught Geography in school should understand the causes of earth quakes, and other natural disasters. But even if you were not taught. Such information of simple scientific explanation is fraught everywhere; for starters use a search engine and bail yourself from myths. It is unforgiveable to market tales of natural disasters as some divine syndrome of an “end”.

There is no such thing as an end time. Time has no end! Put your mind to rest.
Wars did not begin today. As a matter of fact your “end time” literature has contributed to almost all wars fought in recorded history of mankind, and time has not ended. From the earliest battles in ancient Mesopotamia till today’s wars of Isreal and palestine, since the dawn of time war has always had a significant place in history. And people mostly fought over nonsense.

Let me give you a run down of some wars in mankind’s history:

When Napoleon was on conquest he launched what became the Napoleonic wars (1803- 1815). Guess what, your sky crew back then called him the anti-christ and the beast and all that. That one passed.

We had the Spanish-American War in 1898. The still cried endtime and it passed.

World war I came. They cried end-time.

Adolf Hitler was dissatisfied with the outcome so he began his own. He was believed with certainty to be the much expected anti-christ with the 666 mark. That one passed again.

The Vietnam war came. The said the same thing.

George Bush came at Iraq. Christians were certain the he was the anti-christ.

Now they said is Barrack Obama. We know he’ll soon pass the baton to another person you people will deem fit to appoint as your new anti-christ.

Meanwhile they have been accusing all the popes to be the anti-christ. Even T.B Joshua is called anti-christ lol. Chris Angel, Christopher Hitchens, Dawkins, Sam Harris, George Carlin all anti-Christs, damn! My humble self, I have not been excluded from the anti-christ crew.

When will you people ever stop to carry-over this endless history of end-time delusion and anti-christ paranoia? 2014 and you are still shopping for an anti-Christ and certain about an end-time? What do you put in your water that feeds you with this craze?

By Imoh “Son of David”

Between justice and the Hell Dilemma

By Immanuel James

A certain King Darius of ancient Rome, in order not to forget to extract justice – or rather, revenge – from the offence he received from the people of Athens, mandated one of his servants to always say to him, three times at every dinner: “Sir, remember the Athenians.” And one King Clovis of ancient France was even more dramatic in his desire for justice. He had promised arms of gold to three servants of his enemy to enable them betray their master to him. The young men did the job and after their master was killed, Clovis was so deeply haunted by regret that he first hanged the three servants, before hanging the purses of their gold rewards around their necks.

For ages, the quest for justice has taken man to the heights of wisdom and folly. From that quest have arisen cases where ‘justice’ itself became a whole new offence, one driven to extremity by man’s obsession with reward and punishment. Yet that obsession is understandable, for it is applied towards societal order, without which human cohabitation would be a more difficult affair. Justice – that system that shares good and evil equitably to those who
merit them – is the foundation of civilised society.

Forgive the repetition: man’s passion for justice is indeed excusable, despite its potential for extremity, given that it seeks to attain a measure of order for humanity. We must now admit that it is not just for social order that justice is courted. To see a robber or murderer punished, or see an innocent freed from harm, confers a certain sense of peace and compensation on the human psyche. So the passion for justice is as much a social as it is an emotional pursuit.

But it is also religious, this passion. Aware that the political system does not always guarantee justice, especially punitive justice, man had to insert another order of nemesis for those who have escaped human justice in their lifetimes. It has been argued that this insertion is even more effective than legal justice in discouraging evil but let that argument pass for now. Most religions embrace this order as a divine instrument of punishment. Let us concentrate on divine punitive justice, and work with its most popular, nay, notorious appellation: Hell.

Divergent as many religious creeds are, they appear to agree that God created a Hell for evil-doers. There’s a little problem anyway, which is the fact that since these different religions have conflicting moral codes, a righteous adherent in one religion is a candidate for Hell in the other. We can, however, assume that some kind of harmonization may take place in Afterlife?

However, there is a greater problem still, one that I have tagged ‘The Hell Dilemma.’ We can examine the following hyothesis:

John, a graduate of Criminology, has been believing God for a job. He wants to work in the police or SSS. His wife has just got a bank job and Mr. John has been doing his best to please God for the family’s testimony to be complete. Finally God answers. The chap gets his good job, and as a good Christian, one-tenth of his salary goes back to the church every month to help advance the work of God. He thanks God, thanks his pastor, his pastor thanks him back for sowing his entire first salary in the Lord’s vineyard. Everyone is happy.

But there is someone John has unfortunately failed to thank: the armed robber; the murderer; and every other criminal out there without whom his job would simply not exist. Even his wife does not seem to acknowledge that her bank job, at least in terms of what drove the banking business back in the day, was in a way made possible by insecurity, also made possible by the handiwork of criminals. When she worked as a marketing executive in an insurance company, and nabbed that huge contract for her employers from a theft insurance policy undertaken by a client, she also did not thank thieves who made it all possible merely by existing – and her commission ran into millions!

Anyway, ignore this family’s ingratitude to the people who have ‘helped’ them pay bills, tithes, offerings, etc. A greater ‘injustice’, however, is about to happen.

After this life, how does it feel that God will disgorge all these criminals who have ‘helped’ Him answer His children’s prayers, on Hell? Look at it critically: many livelihoods are actually reactionary creations against some forms of evil. Think! In fact this is how society runs: evil assists good to deliver more good, and more evil,etc. Even nature rolls like that: without ailment, doctors would die of starvation – no, they wouldn’t even exist; without immorality, preachers would not be too. So we can suspect that without evil, there may have been more unemployment in the world.

Consider this one, a real-life testimony in a church: some mischievous witches supposedly tied one woman’s womb for 20 years, and the blood of Jesus finally shattered the bondage. And twins came, to the boundless joy of the couple and the prayer warriors who supervised the deliverance project. (Well some people may find it curious that an innocent Godly couple was kept childless for 20 years just that a point be made between God and the devil – not like the point so made has even convinced everyone anyway – but that is not our problem.)

On account of this witchcraft shaming, many devil worshipers crossed over to God having been convinced that He holds greater power – all along nothing could make them change from their evil ways, not their own misfortunes or the preachers’ sermons. While the testimony blared forth, no one had the simple sense of justice to thank the witches who had been busy working their evil hands to the bones – whose 20-year-old mischief yielded the divine glory of the moment – without whom the kingdom of God would not have boasted new defections from the devil’s camp. And it is not enough that no one thanked these goddamn witches, they’ll also be sent to Hell after ‘helping’ win souls for God, a thing many preachers could not achieve all these years!

So I ask: Is it morally just for God to benefit from a system and still chastise that system?

Let us not forget, however, that not all religions believe there is a Hell. Even in Christianity, there are dissenters to that notion. Let us also not succumb to that childish temptation of throwing ugly labels at anyone who raises fundamental questions about our theosophy. The theory of Hell deserves to be critically examined. This might not be a serious matter anyway, but it at least makes intellectual sense to begin to ask critical questions about the human religious culture. Religious scholars should begin to examine the hell question, for it does not come out clean upon inquiry from rational interrogation.

But would religions have collapsed without such a scary insertion? Does the human psychology not corrupt itself with mental constructions of endless pain and suffering? Could man have been worse with evil if he were not tamed with such extreme morbidity?

These questions can guide our probe into the subject. In creating this eternal order of punitive justice, religion may have – let us borrow this expression – ‘put God in a serious dilemma’, almost like the dilemma of that King Clovis, who was so just he punished servants that aided murder, yet so just he fulfilled his promise of gold – but to their dead bodies!

*Immanuel James is the author of the new literary fiction, ‘Under Bridge’. A humanist and lover of philosophy, his articles have appeared in many national dailies. Visit for more.*


Many often one may get inundated with the arguments that the religion of Islam is peaceful by the Muslim apologists who strive so hard to assuage the monstrosity by their fellow Koran adherents. The truth is: the avowed peacefulness of Islam is self-evident in its practice by its adherents. One of the excuses they make is that Mohammed was a peaceful man who taught his followers same and that Muslims lived peacefully for centuries, fighting only in self-defense and necessity. “True muslims will never act aggressively”, the moderate and liberal muslims will argue. Quran (4:95) puts it this way:

“Not equal are those believers who sit (at home) and receive no hurt, those who strive and fight in the cause of Allah with their goods and persons. Allah had granted a grade higher to those who strive and fight with their goods and persons than those who sit (at home). Unto all (in faith) hath Allah promised good: but those who strive and fight hath he distinguished above those who sit (at home) by a special reward.”

The above passage is very clear on the status of the peaceful and radical Muslims. It criticizes the peaceful Muslim and the reward of such a Muslim is not equal with those who strive hard and fight against non believers. The violent ones are the ones in whom Allah is pleased while the peaceful Muslim is one who is of a lesser value in their eyes of Allah and will be punished with hell. Quran 9:38-39 announces:

“O ye who believe! What is the matter with you, that, when ye are asked to go forth in the cause of Allah, ye cling heavily to the earth? Do ye prefer the life of this world to the hereafter? But little is the comfort of this life, as compared with the hereafter. Unless ye go forth, He will punish you with a grievous penalty and put others in your place.”

“Islam is a religion of peace”; this is a great lie and a ridiculous parody that is analogous to the statement that “a lion is a domestic animal” and “fire is not a dangerous element”. Another myth is the statement that jihad is a “spiritual struggle” and not a “holy war”, as some Islam apologists may argue. Others argue that the concept of jihad is defensive rather than offensive. Jihadists and terrorists who take up arms are doing exactly as dictated by the Koran and exemplified by Mohammed. Mohammed organized 65 military campaigns in the last ten years of his life and he personally led 27 of them. The more powerful he became, the smaller the excuses he needed to go to battle until he finally began attacking tribes merely because they were not yet part of his growing empire. After his death, his successor Abu Bakr followed suite, declaring allied tribes which wanted to go their way “apostates”, and slaughtering anyone who refuses to remain a Muslim and he was very successful with his blood and violent campaigns. Quran 8:39 asserts:

“And fight them until there is no more fitna (unbelief) and religion should be only for Allah” the historical context of this text of the submission that the Meccans refused Mohammed access to their city after hajj who had prior declared war on Mecca and consequently was evicted. It was Mohammad’s desire to destroy the polytheistic idol worship of the Meccans. The excuse for declaring war on unbelievers is merely on the grounds of their unbelief. Like the typical arrogance in the concept of monotheism, every other belief or unbelief is not to be condoned. Ibn Ishaq/Hisham 324 says that Muhammad stated that “Allah MUST have no rivals”. Even in the absence of other religious beliefs, muslims turn on each other. It is not a coincidence that countries like Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, etc where are there are little or no different religions other Islam, suffer incidences of terrorism and bomb blasts of shias against the sunnis and vice versa. Islam is a preying ideology; it must always seek for whom or a cause to fight against.

The bloodiness of Islam did not begin today, it was earlier revealed by the most faithful followers and family members of Mohammad who turned on each other. There were four caliphs in the first 25 years after Mohammed’s death, and each of which was his trusted companion. Three of these four were murdered by those allied with the son of the first caliph. The fourth caliph was murdered in the midst of a bloody conflict with the fifth caliph who began a 100 year dynasty of debauchery which was soon ended by widespread bloodbath of the descendants of Muhammad’s uncle (who wasn’t even a Muslim).

Muhammad’s own daughter, Fatima and her husband Ali survived the years of paganism in Mecca but they could not survive the years of the proliferation of Islam after Mohammad’s demise. Fatima died of stress of persecution within 3 months and Mohammed’s son-in-law Ali was later assassinated by Muslim rivals. Their son (Mohammed’s grandson) was killed in battle with a faction that became today’s’ Sunnis while his people became the Shias. Other relatives and personal friends of Muhammad were caught-up and entangled in the mist of the bloody conquest between the rival groups, and which metamorphosed into sub- divisions as Islam expanded through the ages.

Muslim apologists always argue that true muslims do not take the lives of a human being let alone another Muslim. But it is surprising how they give blind eyes to the bloody conquests and spread of Islam through its 1,400 years of existence. Mohammed who held his favourite wife and daughter; Aisha and Fatima respectively as the perfect model of the Muslim woman only led to the war between the followers of Fatima and Aisha in the violent civil wars that followed his death.

The definition of a “true Muslim” is made clear in Quran 9:88 and many other verses in the Quran – the true believer “strives and fights with their wealth”. 9: 123 clearly admonishes:

“those who believe! Fight those of the unbelievers who are near to you and let them find in you hardness”. While the hypocritical muslims are described in the Koran as those who sit at home refusing to join the clarion call of jihad. There is no tolerance in Islam.

The Koran contains at least 109 verses that exhort muslims to wage war against non believers. Muhammad clearly left his followers and men with the command to wage war against the Jews, Christians, Persians, polytheists (who eventually are the Hindus). Muslim armies through the century invaded unsuspecting neighbors and lands, plundering them of loot, their women, taking them as slaves and forcing them to pay tax or risk being fed to their swords. This terrorism did not begin today, it is inherently part of Islam in its ideology to wage war, enslave, kill, plunder and mostly destroy other beliefs. It is no coincidence that the terrorists and jihadists all over the world hold sway to Islam and the teaching of Mohammed.

The Arab slave trade was open for 1300 years until the pressure and force from western powers drove the Arab nations to declare the practice of slavery as illegal. However, this declaration is only in theory. Unlike the Germans who apologized to the world over the totalitarianism and evil of the Nazi government of Hitler, the Arab world has never apologized over the victimization and bloody conquests of jihad and slavery.

No other religion on earth has consistently produce terrorists in the name of God like Islam. The most dangerous Muslims are the radicals and conservatives who adhere to the strict conformity of the teachings of the Koran literally, to spread Islam, the shariah law, willy-nilly. They are the ones we call the fundamentalists, who in the absence of “infidels” will turn on their fellow muslims especially the moderate and liberal muslims. The peaceful Muslim apologist only holds sway to a handful of verses which speaks of tolerance. However this same moderate or liberals are referred to as hypocrites for not participating in the brutality of non believers like their radical peers. The bloodiness of the Quran out numbers its serenity and the fruits of its ideology is made manifest by the purists. Those who are considered as Muslim are merely people who give blind eyes to the perversion of the bloody conquest in the religion or are merely ignorant of the texts and teachings in the Quran. The so called religion of peace is by no means peaceful; the behavior of those who practice Islam, its history and the contents of its holy book speaks clearly for it.




After the expiration of the Richards constitution, Bernard Bourdillon, who was Governor General of Nigeria between 1935 and 1943, brought some modifications into the Clifford constitution which later became the foundation of the 1946 constitution. His aim was to unite the North and South in a unitary legislative council in Lagos; however, the Northern leaders rejected such move. Since they were British subjects, they had later or no choice in determining their affairs.

On 1st April, 1953, Anthony Enahoro, a member of the Action Group from the Western Region, moved a motion that the House of Representatives accept “as a primary political objective the attainment of self-government for Nigeria in 1956.” Members from the Northern region objected to the motion, as such, there was division in the assembly.

Ahmadu Bello suggested to the House that the motion be modified and read to the house and accepted as “as a primary political objective the attainment of self-government for Nigeria ‘AS SOON AS PRACTICABLE.’ Another Northern member of the House afterwards moved a motion for adjournment, a move which did not go down well with the AG members. On sighting that, the members of the Action Group in the council protested and resigned. They were: bode Thomas, S. L Akintola, Arthur Prest and Adesoji Aderemi. Since there was no replacement for the Action Group members that resigned, Ahmadu Bello’s suggested amendment was passed. The Northern members were confronted by angry mobs in Lagos who lambasted them and called them all sorts of names. These embittered the Northerners greatly.

On May 16, 1953, when S. L. Akintola led a delegation to the Northern region to campaign for self-succession, a riot broke-out between the Northerners and the Southerners who were mainly Yorubas and Ibos. The riot which lasted for 4 days claimed many lives of Southerners in the North and over 250 people were injured. This was the beginning of the manifestation of a bloody union and deadly years of coercion ahead. This should have served as a lesson to us and the colonialists but they still insisted on the forceful coercion of this union. We never learn and we still refuse to.

Seeing this, the Northern leaders realized that the Nigerian union was irreconcilable and fatal; they Northerners on May 1953 in a meeting held in Kaduna sought for secession and the adoption of an 8 point program:

In July 1953, the Secretary of State for Colonies, Oliver Lyttleton presided over a conference in London where the Nigerian political leaders from all regions were invited. The Northerners declined from attending the conference but after constant pressure from the Colonialist they gave in. It should be noted that the Northerners had no choice but to give in to the pressure of their colonial masters who at the time were dictators. If it were to be in normal circumstances of free will, the Northerners at that time would have completely opted from the conference and the Nigerian union. Even Lyttleton himself after watching the drama that unfold at the conference, remarked that “IT IS IMPOSSIBLE FOR THESE PEOPLE TO COEXIST AS ONE ENTITY”.

At the London conference, the Northerners were forced to abandon their eight point agenda and secession which would have turned Nigeria to a confederation state or simply a custom union. Another opportunity that we would have made things right was simply thrown away into the garbage can and today, we are paying the price.

The conference which began in London continued in Lagos in 1954. Under the dictates of Oliver Lyttleton, a constitution was adopted which is called “THE LYTTLETON CONSTITUTION”, and in that constitution, the Action Group requested that the right of regions to secede should not be recognized. True to their bidding, the Lyttleton constitution granted their request.




Nigeria’s struggle of self-government and freedom from colonialism and slavery from Western imperialism could be traced back to notable figures that resisted the encroachment of their sovereignty by the British. They include King Masaba of Nupeland, King Jaja of Okpobo, Nana Olomu of Itsekiri-land, Oba Ovonramwem of Benin, etc. However, these pockets of resistance were squashed brutally by the British force. And after consolidating their hold their hold on the various parts of the territory, then came the amalgamation.

Before the amalgamation, the Northern and southern areas were lumped together in 1898 and Christened “NIGERIA”, by a former correspondent of THE TIMES by name Flora Shaw who later became Lord Lugard’s wife. Lord Lugard established a Nigerian Council which was meant to act as an advisory body to the governor general, however, they had no authority and their resolutions had no bidding of the law. The council consisted of 36 members, and 23 of them were Europeans, while the other 13 were referred to as “NON-FFICIAL MEMBERS” (of which 7 of them were Europeans and 6 Nigerians). The 6 Nigerian non-official members were: 2 Emirs from the North, the Alaafin of Oyo and one member each from Calabar, Benin- Warri area. This was the foundation of inequality in Nigeria.

In March, 1920, Joseph Casely-Hayford , a Gold coast lawyer and a Nigerian Physician by name Dr. Akinwade Savage, formed the NATIONAL CONGRESS OF BRITISH WEST AFRICA (NCBWA). At the inaugural conference, delegates from Gambia, Sierra-Leone, and the Gold Coast (now Ghana) were represented. The conference made five demands on the secretary of State for the Colonies:
– That a University be established in west Africa
– The racial discrimination in the territories must be removed
– The judiciary must be independent of colonial influence
– The creation of a legislative council in each British west African territories and half of the council members must be Africans
– The west African chiefs be subject to their people through appointment and removal

However, when their demands were taken to the British by a team of delegation, they were badly treated and snubbed by the Colonial secretary Lord Milner. In 1922 through the Clifford constitution, the legislative council was modified and 4 of the unofficial members were to be elected; 3 from Lagos and 1 representing Calabar.

Despite the scorn at NCBWA’s demand for a University, the persistence of these individuals led to the approval of the establishment of a university college in Ibadan which became the University college of Ibadan in 1948.

The Clifford constitution was established and it made way for the creation of NNDP a political party organized by Herbert Macaulay to contest the Lagos seats. As the leadership of the NNDP got older, they were challenged by the youthful politicians who were led by Dr JC Vaughan, Ernest Ikoli, H. O. Davies and Samuel Akinsanya, this brawl in the party led to the formation of NYM (Nigeria Youth Movement). A year later, the NYM was joined by Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe who had transferred his journalism business from Ghana to Nigeria. Later on Chief Obafemi Awolowo, joined, then others like Dr. Kofo Abayomi, Hamzat Subair, O. Caxton martins, Jubril Martins, Paul Cardoso, S. l Akintola, sir Bank Anthony, etc joined. It became the first nationalist party.
The NYM was short-lived after another brawl broke out between Okoli and Akinsanya. The brawl began when Dr Kofo Abayomi resigned his seat at the Legislative council; the problem was on finding his successor. The endorsement of Ikoli by NYM’s executive angered a faction of the party who accused them of ANTI-IJEBU schemes among the Lagosian members of the party. This led to the defection of Nnamdi Azikiwe, Obafemi Awolowo and many others. Ethnic sentiments began a long time ago.

Herbert Macaulay and Nnamdi Azikiwe teamed up to form the NCNC as a result the colonial ill-treatment of the King’s college boys in 1944 which led to a protest by the students. 75 students were charged to court by the colonialists, 8 of them were forcibly conscripted to join the British army who were battling at the World War. It was this reaction that angered to the formation of the NCNC whose ultimate aim was to raise money for the founding of a national school and set-up a national committee to protect Nigerian students in colonial schools. It was firstly called the national Council of Nigeria but the enrollment of some Cameroonians led to the modification of the name as NATIONAL COUNCIL OF NIGERIA AND THE CAMEROONS (NCNC).

Awolowo and a host of Yorubas formed EGBE OMO ODUDUWA in London, 1945 as a cultural organization. However, it was transformed into a political party, THE ACTION GROUP (AG) in other to contest the regional elections in 1951.

Similarly, the North formed a cultural organization called JAAMAR MUTANEN AREWA, founded by Dr. R.A.B. Dikko and it later became a political party called the Northern People’s Congress (NPC). Ahmadu Bello, Tafewa Balewa were among the founding members. Mallam Aminu Kano equally founded same but left afterwards citing that the party was too “conservative” for his liking. He joined the Northern Elements Progressive Union (NEPU), which was founded by eight radically minded northerners.

This was the beginning of the manifestation of sectionalism and regionalism, but it was ignored and given a blind-eye to.




It is of great prudence that the earlier we tell ourselves the truth in this country called Nigeria, the imminent our salvation. After recent tensions in the political atmosphere, it was glaring that that the volcano was getting warmed up, as such a sovereign national conference was demanded to negotiate the myriad tentacles demonizing the nation. In a very disappointing move, the government, took away the sovereignty part and organized a national conference, which is very habitual of the country to continually lie to itself that there is unity among then. Before the conference was converged, the president was apt to say that the unity and continuity of the existence of the Nigeria State was out of the table, and just before anything can come-out from the conference, the bombs came lashing, and this should wake us from our slumber to the reality that this nation cannot peacefully coexist. First all, let’s get out mind through the timeline of history to see how came about this coerced nation:
Once upon a time, there was no nation like NIGERIA, but there were Ibos, Yorubas, Hausas, Fulanis, Ibibios, Efiks, and a lot others, and most importantly, there was peace. There were established system of governments, the tribal entities were all happy and minding their businesses. But meanwhile, somewhere in Europe at the Berlin conference of 1884 and 1885, The Europeans were busy sharing and portioning West Africa between themselves; France, Britain, Germany, Portugal allotted land masses and colonies in their desire to conquer, loot and rule. This was the beginning of the tragedy we face today. The dehumanization and destruction of lives, Culture, identity, and above all mentality of the African as a whole is still lingering and we are yet to awake from such historic calumny.

On 27 December 1851, the British secretary Beecroft, instructed the British Consul for the “BIGHTS OF BENIN AND BIAFRA” (PLEASE NOTE THE NAMES OF THESE PLACES BEFORE THE CREATION OF NIGERIA) to attack Lagos. The king of Lagos, Kosoko was outlawed and Akitoye replaced him because he was willing to accept the British rule, thus Lagos was the first area the British occupied in Nigeria after a treaty between Akitoye and the British was signed on the protection of missionaries, bilateral trade, etc on 1 January, 1852. And on August 6, 1861, Lagos became the possession of the British and a colony in 1862.

Like a wild fire, the British spread their conquest to other spheres. Treaties were signed, wars were fought, prisoners/slaves were taken, blood was spilled and lives were destroyed. Not until 1914 amalgamation by Lord Lugard, territories were administered separately and distinctly and not as a single country. Different policies and modus operandi were employed in different territories. The southern territories saw direct rule while the North had the indirect rule system. After the amalgamation in 1914, the indirect rule system was introduced in all parts of the territories.

However, before the amalgamation, the British tried different methods to establish a relationship between the North and the South, but it failed, due to the cultural and orientation differences between the ethnicities. Nigeria is merely a forceful coercion of sundry Geographical entities and ethnic groups; it is a forceful experimentation of geographical expressions. The first step of this experiment began on the 1st of May, 1906 when the British merged the Colony of Lagos with southern protectorate. At that time, citizens or individuals occupying the colony and protectorates were called a BRITISH SUBJECT or CITIZEN OF THE COLONY and PROTECTORATE